Krakow Ghetto

Krakow Ghetto

Posted on Feb 11, 2014 | 0 comments

One of the most brutal aspects of the German Occupation of Poland, during World War Two, was the creation of ghettos.The Germans selected Krakow as the base for the General Government, and persecution of the Jewish community began soon after the Germans had invaded. Subsequently, synagogues and Jewish businesses in the city were closed down and property seized.

Of the 68,000 Jews in Krakow before the German Occupation, 52,000 were deported to surrounding areas, and many ended up in forced labour camps. On March 3rd, 1941, the remainder of Krakow’s Jews were sent to Podgorze, which became the seat of the Krakow Jewish Ghetto.Further into the War the treatment of Krakow’s Jews became worse. Thousands were sent to concentration camps, and children and those too old or ill to work where massacred.Oskar Schindler was a former Nazi and wealthy industrialist who was so appalled by the treatment of people, who had worked in his factory, that he strived to save the lives of as many as he could. It is estimated that Oskar Schindler saved the lives of around 1,200 Jews, and his story was told in the Steven Spielberg film, ‘Schindler’s List’.

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